This page provides references, links, documents and multiple sources of information on internship programming for students.
How will you be evaluated during your internship? What do you hope to learn during your internship? What types of projects will be assigned to you? This Goal Setting sheet is a resource to help you get the most out of your internship and to foster conversations with your internship site supervisor.
Will you be getting credit for your internship? Sometimes, interns need a formal document outlining what you will be doing at your internship site and how it relates to your degree requirements. You can use this Internship Learning Plan to link internship experiences with academic outcomes. It is also a good resource to engage with your internship site supervisor as you plan out goals for your internship.
Interviewing is one of the most stressful experiences in a student's career. But with the right tools, anyone can ace an internship interview. Even someone who has never had a job before.
Most hiring managers spend less than 10 seconds looking at your resume. While everyone needs to have a polished resume to begin the search for an internship, resumes say next to nothing about your work ethic, personality, personal motivations, etc. If you really want that internship, you will need to interview successfully.
Here is a breakdown of the different types of common interview questions that hiring mangers tend to ask:
These are the questions that will give the interviewer a sense of who you are as a person. They will ask about the basics of your personality, and expect honesty and openness in your responses.
The most frequently asked "about you" interview questions are:
1. Tell me about yourself.
An "elevator pitch" is a 10- to 30-second summation of your life and accomplishments. For this question, that pitch comes in handy.
Interviewers don't want to know your entire life story, but they do want to know what makes you who you are. If you're proud of certain accomplishments, now is the time to highlight them.
I'm sure you've heard the advice to stay work specific, but don't be fooled. Unless the job description says the company is searching for a workaholic, you want to let the interviewer know that you have a life outside of work.
You're a well-rounded individual who can balance work and play. Share your hobbies and interests along with relevant personality traits. Opening up in this way allows the interviewer to respond likewise.
Personal connections created here are key if you want to be memorable and land the internship.
2. What are your strengths?
This sample interview question should be answered as truthfully as possible, utilizing a Problem-Action-Result (PAR) story. This technique requires you to speak of a specific incident in which your trait was utilized. Your story should be under a minute, and hit all three points succinctly.
Here's an example of a PAR story:
These are easy and memorable ways to share important experiences you've had, and back up what you're telling the interviewer about yourself.
Try your best to stay away from cliché answers that the interviewer has likely heard a million times already. Think outside the box to experiences where your unique abilities helped a situation in ways another person's could not.
3. What are your weaknesses?
Again: stay away from clichés. Perfectionism is not a weakness. The interviewer knows you're human and wants an accurate picture of you.
As with our question about strengths, PAR stories can be utilized very effectively when responding to this question.
Be honest about your weaknesses, but come to the interview prepared to talk about how you're improving yourself. Employers want to see that you're taking action on those attributes you need to work on.
Remember: Practice makes perfect! Have a repertoire of PAR stories that you've rehearsed and can relate with ease. Whenever you have an important or unique experience, take a minute or two to write it down for future sharing.
4. How would your boss/friends/co-workers describe you?
This can be a difficult question if you haven't thought about its answer ahead of time. Ponder on feedback you've received recently, both positive and negative.
You want to be honest, and now is a time to show more of your personality: Do people laugh at your jokes? Do they turn to you for advice? Are you the life of the party, or a more laidback observer?
Because you won't have your boss/friends/co-workers beside you while you answer this question, you do have some leeway, but use caution. If you're hired, your new employer will want to see the sense of humor you talked about in your interview. Any lie or exaggeration you tell will always come to light.
5. Where do you see yourself in five years?
If the position you're interviewing for aligns with your future goals, mention it! Your interviewer is most likely looking for someone with potential for long-term employment.
For any future interns reading this, remember that you broaden your horizons if you leave the company on good terms. Many people return to the company they interned with for their careers after gaining a bit more experience.
Remember: Be realistic about where you see yourself, but be sure to show that you're ambitious. Unless you have legitimate plans to become President of the World by 30. Best to keep that one to yourself.
These are the questions that bring up past jobs, and can be difficult if you have limited or no work experience. Remember that it's okay to be new to the workforce, but prepare yourself with an answer to each of these questions before the interview:
6. Why are you leaving your current job?
The key to success when answering this question is to stay positive about your previous employers. The interviewer will understand if you're an intern or new professional looking to gain experience, but they don't want to hire someone who will speak ill of them in the future.
Even if you did have a negative experience with your last employer, state your answer in a way that makes it clear you're excited for new opportunities.
For those who have no previous jobs: Mention that you're new to the professional world, but are prepared to take on the challenges you expect to face.
7. What accomplishments are you most proud of?
There are a couple of points you'll want to hit when answering this question:
First, set up the situation that you'll be describing and include the task given to you (e.g., "In my last job, I was assigned the task of managing the schedule for 20 employees"). After this brief introduction, go into detail about your actions and their results (e.g., "I standardized the process and reduced turnover by 20%").
This is called the Situation-Task-Action-Result (STAR) method. Along with your PAR stories, be sure to practice a couple of these scenarios before the interview.
These methods will also be helpful when answering this next question:
8. Tell me about a difficult experience you've had while at work, and how you dealt with it.
If you haven't had any difficult experiences at work, respond as such, but branch out to other areas of your life. For example, if you volunteer and had a challenging experience while doing that, talk about it.
Interviewers want to gauge how you react to difficult circumstances, so make sure you use the STAR method to share an experience of some sort with them. You want to have an answer for almost every question an interviewer throws your way, so think outside the box.
At this point in an interview, you're being tested on how well you know the company. Someone more qualified but who didn't care enough to do some research will not be hired over someone with less experience who did look into the company. Researching a company is one way inexperienced applicants can stand apart from the crowd.
9. What do you know about our company?
This question is one where you don't want to respond with an answer along the lines of, "Um, I don't know." The interviewer wants to see that you care about your potential employer.
Most companies that are worth working for don't want to waste their time with people who are uninterested in the work they do. At the very least, research the company so you understand what you are getting yourself into.
Adding personal touches when answering this question can go a long way: something along the lines of, "I appreciate this company's mission because..." or "I believe in these aims because..." will make you more memorable. You obviously understand what things are important to the company.
10. Why did you decide to apply for a position with us?
Never say to the person interviewing you that you're just looking for something to pay the bills. As far as they're concerned, you could pay the bills by flipping burgers at any fast food restaurant.
Even if your primary motive for applying for the job was to earn a paycheck, focus on other factors that inspired you to choose that job in particular. Include specific attributes of the company you picked up on while researching it, and highlight how you relate to them as a potential employee.
Interns, almost as a rule, don't have large amounts of experience in the field they're trying to break into. If nothing else, say that you applied for the position to gain experience in that specific field of work.
Regardless of how you decide to answer this question, prepare to answer the follow-up question as well:
11. Why do you consider this to be a good opportunity?
This question can be mutually beneficial if answered appropriately. Potential employers want to know what you see in them, and they want to know what you're looking for more specifically.
Answer honestly, and be prepared to smooth out any details you're unsure of. If you've heard that the company is great to their interns and teaches them while they work, mention as much and ask if that information is accurate.
Return to your weaknesses or strengths. Highlight how the company could help change you and vice versa. One of your strengths may coincide with a new project the company is working on. You won't know until you talk about it.
12. Why should we consider you?
This question is similar to the classic: "What makes you the best candidate?"
Draw on your strengths, and respond with attributes or experiences that make you unique. You should have studied the company's profile prior to the interview, so use that knowledge to tailor your answer.
Remember: Highlight characteristics you have that would make you a great fit for the company culture in the particular position you applied for.
Questions in this category can be among the most informative for potential employers. In today's world more than ever, interpersonal skills are becoming more and more important. If you don't have any experience working with others, these interview questions might be the most difficult for you to respond to.
13. What kinds of people do you find most difficult to work with?
As with every question in an interview, you need to be honest with your answers. But you should also keep in mind that you don't want to paint yourself in a negative way. There are a few things to remember when answering this type of question:
14. Who was the worst coworker/classmate you have ever worked with?
When answering this question, be cautious:
The company you're interviewing with doesn't want to hire someone who is petty. Make it clear that while you did have problems with the coworker/classmate, you don't hold a grudge. Even if there was no clear resolution, show that you did what you could for the situation and have learned from it.
15. What is one of the most difficult conflicts you've been able to resolve?
A word of caution:
Try to stay clear of personal stories with this question. Giving too many personal details will give the interviewer a sense that you can't separate your personal and professional life.
Focus on experiences where you showcased leadership skills in professional settings. If you don't have much work experience, it's completely acceptable to respond with instances from school or social encounters.
16. How well do you work with other people?
If you love people, this question will be easy for you. But if you're introverted or shy, an answer to this question may be slightly more difficult.
More likely than not, you'll be required to work with other people in some sort of team setting. Describe past experiences you've had while working as part of a team and how you handled them. If you're not a natural leader, mention that you enjoy taking on the role of supporter for most situations.
Be sure to make it clear that you're willing to be either in a given situation, and drive for results regardless of your position in the social hierarchy.
Your answers to questions in this category are important because they should show the interviewer how you actually perform on the job. You'll obviously want to paint yourself in a positive way, but just keep in mind that honesty is always key.
If you respond to these questions in ways you think the interviewer will want to hear, you'll be doing both yourself and them a disservice. Remember that there are no wrong answers to these questions, just responses which adhere more closely to what the interviewer is looking for.
17. Do you work better under pressure or with time to plan and organize?
Again, you should be as honest as possible during this question. Both parties should have a realistic view of the other's expectations. If you hate stress, but the job you're interviewing for is extremely fast-paced, neither party will be happy in the long run.
18. Describe how you allocate your time and set your priorities in a typical day.
A response about schoolwork is completely relevant in response to this question. It's safe to say that the person interviewing you has been through some form of higher education, and can understand the stresses of college life.
Describe how you use your time and determine which tasks receive priority. Be sure to show that your method is universal and could be applied to a workplace setting as well.
19. What are you looking for in your ideal position?
Tailor your answer here to the job or internship you're interviewing for. Responding with something that follows the lines of the job description is a good idea. But remember: Interviewers are intelligent people. If they realize you're directly quoting the job description, then it might lower their opinion of your answer.
20. What is more important—completing a job on time, or doing it right?
This question can vary based on the industry you're interviewing in. Focus on the priorities within the job. Those that are time sensitive will expect you to complete the job on time over all else, while others understand sacrificing punctuality for quality.
Be sure to mention that you do your best to ensure all your tasks are completed promptly and correctly. This lets the interviewer know that you rarely have to choose between completing a job on time or doing it right.
21. What kinds of decisions are most difficult for you?
There are a multitude of responses to this question, including: decisions involving others, decisions with a large impact, or decisions which involve large sums of money.
It's acceptable to say that you're more cautious with any difficult decision, but you want to show the interviewer you're willing to make difficult decisions (and do so logically). Nobody likes to hold another person's hand in the workplace, so the person they will hire is someone who they can trust in tough situations.
22. Odd questions?
Questions like "How many jellybeans can fit into a 9" X12" baking pan" or "How many ping-pong balls does it take to fill an Olympic-sized swimming pool?" are sometimes given to candidates as intentional curve balls. They are the most asked interview questions for STEM related positions. Most of the time, you won't actually be expected to give an accurate answer. The interviewer mainly wants to see how you problem solve and think through unique situations.
These are common among jobs that require creative thinking, so be prepared to show your brain power. If you're blindsided by one of these questions, do your best to stay calm and formulate a best-guess answer. Instead of just saying, "I don't know" mention how you would go about solving the problem.
23. Do you have any children at home?
Any question that relates to your family, race, religion, gender, or age are illegal. The interviewer should know not to ask these questions, but if you get them, you should know how to respond.
You're not required to answer, and can steer the conversation in a different direction: "I'm not comfortable discussing that topic, but I do have a question about your management structure. Can we discuss that further?"
If they pressure you for an answer, then that company is not somewhere you want to work. If they can't be honest in the interview process, there are probably more things they handle illegally as well!
Interviews are important. The above questions are the most popular interview questions for 2017 that will be asked by hiring managers. If you want to truly stand out from the crowd and get that job or internship, remember to follow this basic advice: Be honest and think through your answers before you get to the interview.
Be confident and remember: You've got this!
Behavioral Interview techniques were developed decades ago by Industrial psychologists based on the premise that past performance is a good predictor of future action. Based on an organization's values and performance expectations, employers develop interview questions to assess your past and future performance. Your responses are evaluated against a set of desired past actions and behaviors.
One key element of responding to behavioral interview questions is for you to provide an example of a time you demonstrated a particular skill required in the position. Your past performance serves as a strong indicator of future performance. For example, an employer might ask an applicant to describe a time he or she had to work with a difficult person in a class project or in a work setting.
Behavioral interview questions provide an opportunity to connect your current skills and knowledge with the core competencies of the position. A core competency is a skill or personal attribute an individual must possess for successful performance. A position's job posting will list core competencies under required skills or qualifications. Some common core competencies include:
To prepare for behavioral interview questions, review the job posting in advance of the interview and identify the position's core competencies. For each core competency, identify a time you exhibited the required skill during a prior work experience, internship, clinical experience, or extracurricular activity, just to name a few examples. You should have at least two anecdotes for every core competency listed on the job posting. Completing this exercise in advance will enable you to present your best examples during the interview.
When presented with a behavioral question during an interview, frame your responses using the STAR method, which consists of the following:
Keep your answers specific, focused, and succinct. You should seek to engage the interviewer and demonstrate why you are the best candidate for the position using concrete examples.
While behavioral interview questions assess your past performance, situational interview questions evaluate your ability to respond to hypothetical challenges. An employer will present you with a hypothetical situation related to a project, supervisor, or other workplace issue and ask you to develop a response. The interviewer may also pose an ethical dilemma and ask how you would address the situation. Your response should resolve the issue presented while highlighting the strengths you wish to convey during the interview.
Situational interview questions provide an opportunity for the employer to assess your knowledge, values, and skills. Organizations use situational interview questions to test whether you possess the skills necessary for the position. The interviewer will be evaluating your ability to solve problems and address challenges under pressure. Additionally, the employer will be assessing your values and integrity if he or she poses a question involving an ethical dilemma.
You can prepare for situational interview questions similarly to how you prepare for behavioral questions. Review the job posting in advance of your interview and identify the position's core competencies. From this information, you should be able to anticipate questions employers could ask based upon these skills. Put together a list of potential questions and practice your responses in advance of the interview.
The following is a list of sample of some of the most common behavioral interview questions for you to consult in advance of your interview.